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Valium is a medication that has found a wide use in medical practice. This benzodiazepine potentizes sedative, neuroleptic, and analgesic remedies, as well as narcotic drugs and alcohol. It is produced in form of tablets or intramuscular/intravenous injections.
Its generic name is diazepam. The medicine is notable for its abilities to cure anxieties, insomnia, sensory epilepsy, muscle spasms, and alcohol dependence. Sometimes it is used as an anesthetization before procedures, such as endoscopy, to soothe the patient.
You need to know that there is no possibility to find Valium without prescription by legal means.
Doctors recommend generic Valium as treatment when patients have following diseases:
- Anxiety disorder
- Skeletal muscle spasms
- Spastic state, caused by spinal or cerebral lesion ( cerebral palsy, etanus, athetosis,)
- Joint inflammation
- Bursal synovitis
- Chronic progressing polyarthritis
Sometimes doctors include it in complex therapy. It concerns epilepsy, hypertensia, ulcer of gastrointestinal tract psychosomatic, menstrual, or climacteric disorders, infarction, eczema and skin diseases that cause irritation and itch.
According to the instruction, the medication is taken when a patient have alcohol withdrawal syndrome and/or is troubled by tremor, tension, anxiety, highly nervous state.
The medication is also used in obstetrics. It can relieve uterine contractions and, in some cases, facilitate the premature labor.
How it works
Generic diazepam is characterized by its central muscle relaxant, pronounced sedative, anticonvulsive, and hypnotic action. Anxiolytic activity of the remedy is followed by reduction of inner anxiety, sense of tension, and fear.
Its effect on CNS depends on the daily dose. Small dosage (2-15 mg) has stimulatory action, while large doses (15 mg and more) cause sedative effect.
The medication also has pronounced anti-paroxysmal effect, which reveals itself by suppressing parasympathetic and sympathoadrenal paroxysms.
Diazepam facilitates the increased efficiency of initial narcosis. Preanesthetic medication with this drug may decrease the required dose of fentanyl to result in effect and reduce the time needed for blackout with inductive dose.
It raises the threshold of pain sensitivity, has antiarrhythmic action, reduces blood tension, decreases nighttime secretion of gastric juice and is capable of reducing the intraocular fluid outflow.
Side effects of Valium
A person may suffer these indispositions at the beginning of treatment:
- Slow mental and motor reaction
- Increased fatigability
- Poor coordination of movements
- Retrograde amnesia
In rare instances, such drug may cause weakness, catalepsy, tremor, headache, irritability, depression, obfuscation, muscle spasms, euphoria, hallucinations, fear.
Valium cannot be prescribed for patients who suffer alcoholic intoxication, drug poisoning, glaucoma, myasthenia, acute respiratory failure or in a state of shock, coma. It also applies to women in period of pregnancy or breast deeding.
This sedative may form a habit, so it is not recommended to take this medicine without prescription.
Overdose symptoms and treatment
These are signs of an overdose with Valium:
- CNS depression
- Pronounced drowsiness
- Muscle tone reduction
- Confused mental state
Treatment includes emesis reduction, tube lavage, symptomatic therapy, monitoring of vital functions.