Arthritis is a disease that is extremely common among people after 40 years of age, but today there are rare types of arthritis, which are typical for childhood and adolescence. What is the cause of the development of the disease, how to recognize its symptoms in time and select the most effective method of treatment?
Many people do not see much difference between such two diseases as arthritis and arthrosis, although these are two fundamentally different troubles connected with the joints. Osteoarthritis refers to an age-related chronic degenerative disease in which joints are deformed. It is manifested by pain in the daytime and during movement. Arthritis is the result of the inflammatory processes of the whole organism, leading to acute pain in the joints mainly at night and regardless of movements. In this case, arthrosis in a number of cases is a complication of neglected arthritis.
Arthritis can develop slowly and gradually (chronic forms) or suddenly and sharply (acute forms). Often, arthritis is accompanied by a febrile condition. Arthritis always exhibits joint pain, but their presence is by no means a sign of arthritis.
Each arthritis type has its own reason, the elimination of which must be directed to the main treatment. Symptoms of arthritis may also differ depending on the exact form of the disease and its type, but joint pain is the inevitable companion of any arthritis.
Proper treatment of arthritis is always complex, long lasting, and systematic. It should be aimed at eliminating the cause of arthritis, removing the pain syndrome and the inflammatory process. In this case, depending on the form, type, and degree of arthritis, a prognosis for cure is put, which in some cases may be disappointing.
The classical regimen for the treatment of arthritis of any etiology includes:
- the administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) intravenously, intramuscularly or intra articularly; in addition, ointments can be used,
- the use of glucocorticosteroids (hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs) in the form of intra articular injections,
- the intake of muscle relaxants for the removal of muscle spasms, which appear against the background of joint pains, and sometimes – anticonvulsants,
- the use of antidepressants in the development of arthritis against a background of stress,
- local injection of anesthetics into trigger zones (pain points),
- the appointment of gastroprotectors and proton pump inhibitors, for example, Omeprazole, to protect the gastrointestinal tract from the irritant effect of NSAIDs,
- reception of chondroprotectors, improving the quality of the cartilaginous tissue of the joint – chondroitin sulfate and glucosamine – with a course of up to 6 months, and rejection of them if progress in treatment with them during this period has not been noticed,
- the use of vitamins (A, E, C, B1, B3, B6, B12), trace elements (molybdenum, selenium, sulfur, zinc, copper, manganese) and amino acids (arginine, methionine),
- change of the regimes of loads on the joints with the use of bandages, orthoses, orthopedic insoles,
- changing the diet in accordance with the diagnosed type of arthritis is a medical diet,
- exercise therapy and manual therapy aimed at restoring the natural biomechanics of the joints and preventing stagnation in the joints, dystrophy of the periarticular ligaments and muscles,
- courses of various types of physiotherapy: laser, magnetic, electric pulse, shock wave therapy.
The above principles of treatment of various arthritis can be successfully supplemented, and in some cases replaced by modern homeopathic methods and preparations.
Anesthetic will help from pains in the joints, for example, Tramadol. However, this is a very powerful remedy for extreme cases when the pain becomes too strong.