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Ativan (generic name: “lorazepam”) is a high-potency benzodiazepine, known for its anxiety treatment abilities. The brain and central nervous system are affected in order to enhance the effects of gamma-Aminobutyric acid in human body.
Ativan is used to heal of anxiety disorders. This medication may also be used for other purposes, which are not mentioned in this guide. It is available without prescription as a generic remedy.
This drug is characterized by its muscle relaxant, hypnotic, anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, amnesic, and sedative properties. It is known for its hypotoxicity.
Important information and precautions
People who suffer myasthenia gravis or angle-closure glaucoma should avoid using the medication. The same applies to the individuals who are allergic to Valium-like medicine.
Consult your pharmacist or doctor in case you have any allergies, especially if you were diagnosed with an allergy to benzodiazepines (diazepam, alprazolam, clonazepam).
Pregnant women should avoid treatment with this medication! It could cause endangering withdrawal symptoms or even birth defects of newly born child. You should also avoid breast feeding during the period of treatment.
It is recommended to abstain from drinking alcohol when undergoing the medication. It is observed that this drug could lead to the increased damaging effects of alcohol.
Keep in mind that such medicine as Ativan may be habit-forming ― avoid sharing it with anyone else if it was acute only for you. The consequences of drug misuse could be lethal, not to mention the possibility of overdose and addiction.
How to take Ativan
Always stick to these principles when taking the drug:
- Take it only in accordance with the prescription
- Note all the directions on prescription label and follow them strictly
- Avoid taking increased doses or exceeding the period mentioned in prescription
- Contact with your doctor or pharmacist if the medicine does not properly treat the symptoms
You need to have clear understanding about habit-forming abilities of this drug ― do not share it with other individuals, especially the ones with addiction history.
How it works
Lorazepam reduces anxiety, psychomotor agitation, and emotional tension. It is notable for antipanic and amnestic properties. This generic remedy is effective for those who suffer from insomnia, which is conditioned by anxiety or short-term stress situations. The drug decreases cases of nighttime awakenings, prolonging the sleep. It inhibits polysynaptic spinal reflexes and reduces skeletal muscles tone.
What you should do if you missed a dose
Just take the medication when you have remembered. If there is not much time until the next scheduled dose, you need to skip it and ignore taking additional medicine to compensate for it.
What you should do in case of overdose
Seek for emergency medical assistance. Below you can find the list of symptoms that might indicate that you have overdosed the drug:
- Loss of coordination
- Respiratory depression
- Mental confusion
- Cardiovascular depression
- Muscle weakness
Remember, an overdose of Ativan could have fatal consequences.
Side effects of lorazepam
These symptoms may occur when taking Ativan:
- Feeling of depression
- Blurred vision
- Sleep disturbance
Gastrointestinal tract organs: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, appetite change, dry mouth.
Skin: erythema, nettle rash.
Other: leukocytopenia, increment of activity of lactate dehydrogenase.
Contact your doctor or pharmacist in case any of the mentioned side effects has worsened or if you suffer any of possible serious side effects, such as suicidal ideation, seizures, and depression.