Ambien (Zolpidem)

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Generic Name: Zolpidem (zole PI dem)
Dosage: 10mg
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Ambien is a sleep-inducing drug of imidazopyridine group. Considering its efficiency, it as an analogue of benzodiazepine, which has a very short half-life (approximately 2 hours) and is not a source of pharmacologically active metabolites.

The generic name of the drug is zolpidem, which is included in compositions of different modern soporific medications. At the present time, it is the most widespread somnifacient in the USA and Europe.

There are some reports claiming that this drug yield a paradoxical effect on patients in some comatose states, when people are conscious, but cannot move or eat. The use of the pharmaceutical was followed by a temporary motor activity rehabilitation, right up to the possibility of eating and walking.

Generic Ambien is available without prescription. Nevertheless, it is always better to consult a doctor before taking the sleeping medicine.

Important information and precautions

Ambien is characterized by its soporific and relaxant effects. It is widely used as a treatment for sleep disturbances, such as:

  1. Inability of falling asleep
  2. Often nighttime awakenings
  3. Early morning awakenings

The drug is intended for a long-term use. As a rule, it is 7-10 days; long-term use is permitted only under the medical control.

Before taking the medicine, share the information with your doctor if you suffer any of the following:

  • Renal diseases
  • Liver diseases
  • Alcohol or drug dependency
  • Emphysema, bronchitis, asthma, or any other respiratory disease
  • Feeling of depression or suicidal thoughts

If you have one or more of the mentioned indispositions, it may be dangerous for you to take zolpidem. It is possible that you would need the special dosage of the preparation and constant observation during the treatment.

The pharmaceutical was included in pregnancy category D, according to FDA. It means that the harmful influence of the drug towards the fetus is unlikely. Do not undergo a treatment with this drug without consultation with a doctor in case you are or going to get pregnant during the medical treatment.

Ambien adverse reactions

Digestive system:

  • Abdominal migraine
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea

Central nervous system (depending on the dose and individual tolerance):

  • Giddiness
  • Imbalance
  • Ataxia
  • Headache
  • Daytime somnolence
  • Lack of concentration
  • Muscle weakness
  • Diplopia
  • Anterograde amnesia
  • Paradoxical or psychopathological responses

Allergic reactions:

  • Skin eruption
  • Pruritus

Other:

  • Sexual drive derangement
  • Habit development (when taking the drug for several weeks)
  • Insomnia (when taking big doses of the medication or in the long term)

If you suffer any of these side reactions, it is better to seek for the medical advice.

Contraindications

You should not take generic Ambien if you suffer:

  • Severe respiratory compromise
  • Apnoea
  • Severe liver impairment
  • Hypersusceptibility towards any of the drug components

Children and teenagers under 15 should not take zolpidem.

It is not recommended to use this pharmaceutical in case of myasthenia or consumption of alcohol simultaneously.

Pregnancy and lactogenesis:

The drug is contraindicated during the first trimester of pregnancy. You may take the medication only in minimal doses during the third trimester, because there is a possibility of developing arterial hypotension after increased benzodiazepine (or similar preparations) usage.

Signs of overdose

Symptoms:

  • Central nervous system depression

In mild cases:

  • Somnolence
  • Obnubilation

In severe cases:

  • Ataxia
  • Hypotension
  • Low blood pressure
  • Respiratory depression

Very rare:

  • Coma

If you have noticed any of these signs, you should seek for emergency medical assistance as soon as possible.

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